how old was walt whitman when he died
This aligned with their own desires for a future of brotherly socialism. It is your thought, your sophistication, your fear, your respectability, that is indecent.  O'Connor protested until J. Hubley Ashton had Whitman transferred to the Attorney General's office on July 1. He lived for a period of seventy-two years until he met his death on March 26, 1892. Walter Whitman, Sr., had been born just after the end of the American Revolution; always a liberal thinker, he knew and admired Thomas Paine.  In a letter, dated August 21, 1890, he claimed, "I have had six children—two are dead". He is America.  Apparently he drew the name Velsor from Van Velsor, his mother's family name. Walt Whitman collection, Kislak Center for Special Collections, Rare Books and Manuscripts, University of Pennsylvania. In reply, Whitman denied that his work had any such implication, asserting "[T]hat the calamus part has even allow'd the possibility of such construction as mention'd is terrible—I am fain to hope the pages themselves are not to be even mention'd for such gratuitous and quite at this time entirely undream'd & unreck'd possibility of morbid inferences—wh' are disavow'd by me and seem damnable", and insisting that he had fathered six illegitimate children. He died on March 27, 1928 in Santa Monica, California, USA.  Leaves of Grass also responded to the impact that recent urbanization in the United States had on the masses. In 1924, Edward Carpenter told Gavin Arthur of a sexual encounter in his youth with Whitman, the details of which Arthur recorded in his journal. Later, Whitman worked as a journalist, a teacher, and a government clerk.  He also openly wrote about death and sexuality, including prostitution. After a local preacher called him a "Sodomite", Whitman was allegedly tarred and feathered. Part of his Leaves of Grass was written here, and in his Specimen Days he wrote of the spring, creek and lake. Within months, he moved from Washington, DC, where he’d been living since the Civil War, to his brother’s house in Camden, New Jersey. Walt Whitman Early Life: Walt Whitman was born on … This was far from the last version of … Following Leaves’ publication, Whitman edited Brooklyn’s Daily Times. At his funeral, a friend had said, [Whitman was] A great man, a great American, the most eminent citizen of this Republic. The Walt Whitman Bridge, which crosses the Delaware River near his home in Camden, was opened on May 16, 1957. Whitman's own life came under scrutiny for his presumed homosexuality.  In his work Manly Health and Training, written under the pseudonym Mose Velsor, he advised men to swim naked. To him, Laurel Lake was "the prettiest lake in: either America or Europe". Among the liquids and solids mentioned, one in particular caught my eye—milk punch. Born on May 31, 1819, Walt Whitman was the second son of Walter Whitman, a housebuilder, and Louisa Van Velsor.  English poet and critic John Addington Symonds spent 20 years in correspondence trying to pry the answer from him.  In February 1868, Poems of Walt Whitman was published in England thanks to the influence of William Michael Rossetti, with minor changes that Whitman reluctantly approved. His family soon moved to Brooklyn, where he attended school for a few years.  "Walking all day and night, unable to ride, trying to get information, trying to get access to big people", Whitman later wrote, he eventually found George alive, with only a superficial wound on his cheek.  On December 16, 1862, a listing of fallen and wounded soldiers in the New-York Tribune included "First Lieutenant G. W. Whitmore", which Whitman worried was a reference to his brother George.  On July 11, 1855, a few days after Leaves of Grass was published, Whitman's father died at the age of 65. , In his own time, Whitman attracted an influential coterie of disciples and admirers. As a teenager, he lived on the same street in Camden and moved in with Whitman, living with him a number of years and serving him in various roles. , During the first publications of Leaves of Grass, Whitman had financial difficulties and was forced to work as a journalist again, specifically with Brooklyn's Daily Times starting in May 1857.  In 2014 composer John Zorn released On Leaves of Grass, an album inspired by and dedicated to Whitman.. His mother, having fallen ill, was also there and died that same year in May. Manuscript 1883, University of Chicago Special Collections Research Center. Updated February 28, 2017 | Infoplease Staff. When did he die and where is he buried? , Whitman's poem "I Sing the Body Electric" (1855) was used by Ray Bradbury as the title of a short story and a short story collection.  As an editor, he oversaw the paper's contents, contributed book reviews, and wrote editorials. He did on March 26, 1892, at the age of 72 years and he is buried in the Walt Whitman Cemetery, along with fifteen other members of his family. Young Whitman took to reading at an early age. He continued expanding and revising it until his death in 1892. The audio release included a complete reading by Iggy Pop, as well as readings by Marianne Sägebrecht; Martin Wuttke; Birgit Minichmayr; Alexander Fehling; Lars Rudolph; Volker Bruch; Paula Beer; Josef Osterndorf; Ronald Lippok; Jule Böwe; and Robert Gwisdek.  Another edition of Leaves of Grass was issued in 1871, the same year it was mistakenly reported that its author died in a railroad accident. His teaching career would continue until 1841 when he turned to journalism. He died there in 1892, having finally completed his masterpiece in 1891 (now known as the ‘Deathbed Edition’), the year before his death, writing: ‘L. Record it here. The American poet Walt Whitman greatly admired Abraham Lincoln, the 16th President of the United States, and was deeply affected upon his assassination, writing several poems as elegies and giving a series of lectures on Lincoln.. He has expressed that civilization, 'up to date,' as he would say, and no student of the philosophy of history can do without him. Whitman served as publisher, editor, pressman, and distributor and even provided home delivery. Published in The United States Review in September 1855, an appreciation of the poet Walt Whitman’s collection Leaves of Grass opened by exclaiming: ‘An American bard at last! "There are real characters among them", he later wrote, "and you know I have a fancy for anything out of the ordinary. Whitman's major poetry collection, Leaves of Grass, was first published in 1855 with his own money and became well known.  Others agreed: one of his admirers, William Sloane Kennedy, speculated that "people will be celebrating the birth of Walt Whitman as they are now the birth of Christ"..  A total of 795 copies were printed. He came to check on his brother, George, a …  Later in life he was more liberal with alcohol, enjoying local wines and champagne. He was a writer, known for Messengers (2004), Your Favorite Story (1953) and Amerikai anzix (1975). Coby & Co., 1895).  She moved in with Whitman on February 24, 1885, to serve as his housekeeper in exchange for free rent. He died on March 26, 1892 in Camden, New Jersey, USA. Interviewed in 1895, Doyle said: "We were familiar at once—I put my hand on his knee—we understood. It is the only house he ever owned. Walt Whitman was born on May 31, 1819 in Long Island, New York, USA.  While working for the latter institution, many of his publications were in the area of music criticism, and it is during this time that he became a devoted lover of Italian opera through reviewing performances of works by Bellini, Donizetti, and Verdi. Nathanael O'Reilly in an essay on "Walt Whitman's Nationalism in the First Edition of Leaves of Grass" claims that "Whitman's imagined America is arrogant, expansionist, hierarchical, racist and exclusive; such an America is unacceptable to Native Americans, African-Americans, immigrants, the disabled, the infertile, and all those who value equal rights. Bedridden, he moved in 1884 to his last home, a house in Camden, New Jersey, today known as Walt Whitman House. 9. , As the end of 1891 approached, he prepared a final edition of Leaves of Grass, a version that has been nicknamed the "Deathbed Edition". , After his teaching attempts, Whitman went back to Huntington, New York, to found his own newspaper, the Long-Islander. The New Criterion had called Leaves ‘a mass of stupid filth’; the Sunday Press suggested Whitman, then 37, kill himself.  He spent much of 1872 caring for his mother, who was now nearly eighty and struggling with arthritis.  He is often labeled as the father of free verse, though he did not invent it. ( 1892-03-26) (aged 72) Camden, New Jersey, U.S. Signature. Some biographers have suggested that he did not actually engage in sexual relationships with males, while others cite letters, journal entries, and other sources that they claim as proof of the sexual nature of some of his relationships. " Whitman was a religious skeptic: though he accepted all churches, he believed in none. He died on March 26, 1892.  He then sought employment for further income for his family; he was an office boy for two lawyers and later was an apprentice and printer's devil for the weekly Long Island newspaper the Patriot, edited by Samuel E. She brought with her a cat, a dog, two turtledoves, a canary, and other assorted animals.  At first he was opposed to abolitionism, believing the movement did more harm than good. Unidad y diversidad del español", "MOVIE REVIEW : 'Poets Society': A Moving Elegy From Peter Weir", "Twentieth Century Mass Media Appearances", "Singing the Body Electric: Using ePortfolios to IntegrateTeaching, Learning and Assessment", American Composers Orchestra – May 15, 1999 – Walt Whitman & Music, "In Memoriam: Robert Strassburg, 1915–2003", "Whitman, Walt, Kinder Adams/Children of Adam; Iggy Pop, Alva Noto, and Tarwater, Leaves of Grass (review)", Walt Whitman Community School, Nation's First Private School For Gays, Opens in Dallas, New Jersey to Bon Jovi: You Give Us a Good Name, "Boystown unveils new Legacy Walk LGBT history plaques", "A Place and an Era in Which Time Could Stand Still". Walt Whitman, Writer: Messengers.  One happy moment that he later recalled was when he was lifted in the air and kissed on the cheek by the Marquis de Lafayette during a celebration in Brooklyn on July 4, 1825. Because of this proximity, Duckett and Whitman met as neighbors.  As early as 1850, he began writing what would become Leaves of Grass, a collection of poetry which he would continue editing and revising until his death. Whitman's sexual orientation is generally assumed on the basis of his poetry, though this assumption has been disputed.  At age four, Whitman moved with his family from West Hills to Brooklyn, living in a series of homes, in part due to bad investments. , Peter Doyle may be the most likely candidate for the love of Whitman's life.  He may have written "sentimental bits" of filler material for occasional issues. Walt died on March 26, 1892, and he was buried in a tomb he designed and had built on a lot in Harleigh Cemetery.  While at the Star, Whitman became a regular patron of the local library, joined a town debating society, began attending theater performances, and anonymously published some of his earliest poetry in the New-York Mirror. In these essays, he adopted a constructed persona, a technique he would employ throughout his career. Beat! Walt Whitman, Actor: The Three Musketeers. The authors concluded their essay with:. He remained at his brother's home until buying his own in 1884. , Whitman's poem "Yonnondio" influenced both a book (Yonnondio: From the Thirties, 1974) by Tillie Olsen and a sixteen-minute film, Yonnondio (1994) by Ali Mohamed Selim.  His family moved back to West Hills in the spring, but Whitman remained and took a job at the shop of Alden Spooner, editor of the leading Whig weekly newspaper the Long-Island Star. Robinson said he’d long been cast aside by teachers and other students at school due to his family background — two of his brothers had been to prison, and he thought everybody assumed he’d wind up there as well.  Puerto Rican poet Giannina Braschi names Whitman in her multilingual manifesto "Pelos en la lengua" on what North and South American cultures have in common, especially in poetry. Born in Huntington on Long Island, as a child and through much of his career he resided in Brooklyn. Far back, related on my mother's side, Old Salt Kossabone, I'll tell you how he died: (Had been a sailor all his life—was nearly 90—lived with his.  First taken care of by tenants, he was completely bedridden for most of his time in Mickle Street. Brenton.  He first experimented with a variety of popular literary genres which appealed to the cultural tastes of the period. He could not even reconcile such contradictions in his own psyche." " In his study, "The Pragmatic Whitman: Reimagining American Democracy", Stephen John Mack suggests that critics, who tend to ignore it, should look again at Whitman's nationalism: "Whitman's seemingly mawkish celebrations of the United States ... [are] one of those problematic features of his works that teachers and critics read past or explain away" (xv–xvi). , Throughout the 1840s he contributed freelance fiction and poetry to various periodicals, including Brother Jonathan magazine edited by John Neal. June Jordan published a pivotal essay, entitled "For the Sake of People's Poetry: Walt Whitman and the Rest of Us" praising Whitman as a democratic poet whose works to speak to people of color from all backgrounds.  By the summer of 1839, he found a job as a typesetter in Jamaica, Queens with the Long Island Democrat, edited by James J. Walt Whitman, "The Bible as Poetry." , Whitman had intense friendships with many men and boys throughout his life. , Effective June 30, 1865, however, Whitman was fired from his job. Walt Whitman’s poetry was revolutionary in both subject and style. The New Criterion had called Leaves ‘a mass of stupid filth’; the Sunday Press suggested Whitman, then 37, kill himself. For the past 28 years, Connecticut ephemera collector Ed Centeno has gathered every piece of Whitman memorabilia he could get his hands on—from commemorative stamps and cancellations to Whitman-branded bubblegum and digital downloads of TV clips mentioning Whitman. The couple's sixth son, the youngest, was named Edward. Iconic Long Island poet Walt Whitman died in 1892, but his name lives on around the world through his works. He had resolved to respond to Ralph Waldo Emerson, who, in an essay titled ‘The Poet’, asserted that ‘each new age requires a new confession’, and that America needed a poet who, with ‘a whole new experience to unfold’ would ‘tell us how it was with him’. While in residence there he was very productive, publishing three versions of Leaves of Grass among other works. , Whitman was a vocal proponent of temperance and in his youth rarely drank alcohol.  Geologist Peter Lesley wrote to Emerson, calling the book "trashy, profane & obscene" and the author "a pretentious ass". Bradbury's story was adapted for the Twilight Zone episode of May 18, 1962, in which a bereaved family buys a made-to-order robot grandmother to forever love and serve the family. Walt Whitman: Old Salt Kossabone. He lived there until his death in 1892, at the age of seventy-two. , Walt Whitman is often described as America's national poet, creating an image of the United States for itself. Walt Whitman was an American poet whose verse collection 'Leaves of Grass' is a landmark in the history of American literature. 1556332. Shortly after Lincoln was killed on April 16, 1865, Whitman hastily wrote the first of his Lincoln poems, "Hush'd Be the Camps To-Day". During this time, he began socializing with Mary Oakes Davis—the widow of a sea captain. Whitmans influence on poetry remains strong. Walt Whitman. Unusually, the author of the review was Whitman himself, offering a positive assessment of his work that was lacking elsewhere. His poetry often focused on both loss and healing. His other brother, Edward, an "invalid" since birth, lived in the house. In 1873, when he was fifty-three years old, Walt Whitman suffered a stroke that left him partly paralyzed.  A month later, on February 24, 1865, George was released from capture and granted a furlough because of his poor health. He once stated he did not taste "strong liquor" until he was 30 and occasionally argued for prohibition.  The inaugural volume of poetry was preceded by a prose preface of 827 lines. Its members held an annual "Whitman Day" celebration around the poet's birthday. , Whitman was deeply influenced by deism. The “Deathbed edition” of 1891–1892 was the final version of Leaves of Grass produced with Whitman's oversight. Rare Book & Manuscript Library. ", Walter Whitman was born on May 31, 1819, in West Hills, Town of Huntington, Long Island, to parents with interests in Quaker thought, Walter (1789–1855) and Louisa Van Velsor Whitman (1795–1873). My Captain!" " Preparing for death, Whitman commissioned a granite mausoleum shaped like a house for $4,000 and visited it often during construction.  O'Connor, though, was still upset and vindicated Whitman by publishing a biased and exaggerated biographical study, The Good Gray Poet, in January 1866. He … March 26, 1892. He was a man of the common people, poet of mankind and democratic people. A humanist, he was a part of the transition between transcendentalism and realism, incorporating both views in his works.  A public viewing of his body was held at his Camden home; over 1,000 people visited in three hours. , The following summer Whitman worked for another printer, Erastus Worthington, in Brooklyn. being the 16th and 4th letters of the alphabet). " To poet Langston Hughes, who wrote, "I, too, sing America", Whitman was a literary hero. Due to economic upheavals that faced their family, they relocated to Brooklynin search of money. Nature was naked, and I was also ... Sweet, sane, still Nakedness in Nature!  The edition became popular in England, especially with endorsements from the highly respected writer Anne Gilchrist. The family moved to Brooklyn in 1823 where his father found work as a carpenter. Duckett was 15 when Whitman bought his house at 328 Mickle Street. Biographer Justin Kaplan notes that the story is likely untrue, because Whitman regularly vacationed in the town thereafter.  During this time, Whitman published a series of ten editorials, called "Sun-Down Papers—From the Desk of a Schoolmaster", in three newspapers between the winter of 1840 and July 1841. Died. "I Sing the Body Electric" inspired the showcase finale in the movie Fame (1980), a diverse fusion of gospel, rock, and orchestra. ", Whitman died on March 26, 1892.  Whitman lost his position at the Brooklyn Eagle in 1848 after siding with the free-soil "Barnburner" wing of the Democratic party against the newspaper's owner, Isaac Van Anden, who belonged to the conservative, or "Hunker", wing of the party.  His work was controversial in its time, particularly his poetry collection Leaves of Grass, which was described as obscene for its overt sensuality. He later said, "But for the opera, I could never have written Leaves of Grass". , In 2014, German publisher Hörbuch Hamburg [de] issued the bilingual double-CD audio book of the Kinder Adams/Children of Adam cycle, based on translations by Kai Grehn [de] in the 2005 Children of Adam from Leaves of Grass (Galerie Vevais), accompanying a collection of nude photography by Paul Cava. In fact, only Whitman’s death could bring an end to Leaves.  Whitman's vagabond lifestyle was adopted by the Beat movement and its leaders such as Allen Ginsberg and Jack Kerouac in the 1950s and 1960s as well as anti-war poets like Adrienne Rich, Alicia Ostriker, and Gary Snyder.  Walter Whitman Sr. named three of his seven sons after American leaders: Andrew Jackson, George Washington, and Thomas Jefferson.  Later, the remains of Whitman's parents and two of his brothers and their families were moved to the mausoleum.  Also aiding in his popularity was the publication of "O Captain! He did not receive much in the way of education, working as a printer, schoolteacher and editor before self-publishing Leaves in 1855.  By May 1, Whitman received a promotion to a slightly higher clerkship and published Drum-Taps.  During this time, Whitman produced further editions of Leaves of Grass in 1876, 1881, and 1889. Drums!" Walter " Walt " Whitman ( / ˈhwɪtmən /; May 31, 1819 – March 26, 1892) was an American poet, essayist and journalist. How Whitman could have been so prejudiced, and yet so effective in conveying an egalitarian and antiracist sensibility in his poetry, is a puzzle yet to be adequately addressed.  In the end, the edition went to retail, with 20 additional poems, in August 1856. Crossing, an opera composed by Matthew Aucoin and inspired by Whitman's Civil War diaries, premiered in 2015.  Whitman was a delegate to the 1848 founding convention of the Free Soil Party, which was concerned about the threat slavery would pose to free white labor and northern businessmen moving into the newly colonised western territories. Walt Whitman has been claimed as the first "poet of democracy" in the United States, a title meant to reflect his ability to write in a singularly American character. His poetry depicts love and sexuality in a more earthy, individualistic way common in American culture before the medicalization of sexuality in the late 19th century. He denied any one faith was more important than another, and embraced all religions equally. Whitman described their friendship as "thick". , Like many in the Free Soil Party who were concerned about the threat slavery would pose to free white labor and northern businessmen exploiting the newly colonized western territories, Whitman opposed the extension of slavery in the United States and supported the Wilmot Proviso. During the American Civil War, he went to Washington, D.C. and worked in hospitals caring for the wounded. Boulevard). Walt Whitman documents at Columbia University.  He attempted to find further work but had difficulty, in part due to a severe fire in the printing and publishing district, and in part due to a general collapse in the economy leading up to the Panic of 1837. , Whitman wrote in the preface to the 1855 edition of Leaves of Grass, "The proof of a poet is that his country absorbs him as affectionately as he has absorbed it."  In A Sun-bathed Nakedness, he wrote.  In 1856, in his unpublished The Eighteenth Presidency, addressing the men of the South, he wrote "you are either to abolish slavery or it will abolish you". The work was an attempt at reaching out to the common person with an American epic. The 2017 Walt Whitman graduate first met his coach as an eighth-grader as a budding wrestler. married grandchild, Jenny; House on a hill, with view of bay at hand, and distant cape, and. The oldest was named Jesse and another boy died unnamed at the age of six months. After ten months, he sold the publication to E. O. Crowell, whose first issue appeared on July 12, 1839.  Álvaro Armando Vasseur's 1912 translations further raised Whitman's profile in Latin America. A humanist, he was a part of the transition between transcendentalism and realism, incorporating both views in his works. Walt Whitman papers at Columbia University.  His main concern was that their methods disrupted the democratic process, as did the refusal of the Southern states to put the interests of the nation as a whole above their own. Walt Whitman, in full Walter Whitman, was born May 31, 1819, West Hills, Long Island, New York, U.S. He was the second son of Walter Whitman, a house-builder, and Louisa Van Velsor.  His other namesakes include Walt Whitman High School (Bethesda, Maryland), Walt Whitman High School (Huntington Station, New York), the Walt Whitman Shops (formerly called "Walt Whitman Mall") in Huntington Station, Long Island, New York, near his birthplace, and Walt Whitman Road located in Huntington Station and Melville, New York.  Toward the end of his life, he often told stories of previous girlfriends and sweethearts and denied an allegation from the New York Herald that he had "never had a love affair". Childhood, Family and Educational Life. © Copyright 2021 History Today Ltd. Company no.  In May 1836, he rejoined his family, now living in Hempstead, Long Island. He had a romantic friendship with a New York actress, Ellen Grey, in the spring of 1862, but it is not known whether it was also sexual. Clements.  He continued working for short periods of time for various newspapers; in 1842 he was editor of the Aurora and from 1846 to 1848 he was editor of the Brooklyn Eagle.  At the end of June 1855, Whitman surprised his brothers with the already-printed first edition of Leaves of Grass. Walt Whitman was born on April 25, 1859 in Lyon, New York, USA as William Eugene Whitman. Whitman visits an insane asylum in London, Ontario where some of his ideas are adopted as part of an occupational therapy program. Sadakichi Hartmann, Conversations with Walt Whitman (New York: E.P. Whitman reportedly enjoyed bathing naked and sunbathing nude.  Though Leaves of Grass was often labeled pornographic or obscene, only one critic remarked on its author's presumed sexual activity: in a November 1855 review, Rufus Wilmot Griswold suggested Whitman was guilty of "that horrible sin not to be mentioned among Christians". – ah if poor, sick, prurient humanity in cities might really know you once more! , In Washington, D.C., Whitman's friend Charley Eldridge helped him obtain part-time work in the army paymaster's office, leaving time for Whitman to volunteer as a nurse in the army hospitals. She was a neighbor, boarding with a family in Bridge Avenue just a few blocks from Mickle Street. " George Hutchinson and David Drews have argued, without providing textual evidence from Whitman's own early writings or other sources, that what little that "is known about the early development of Whitman's racial awareness suggests that he imbibed the prevailing white prejudices of his time and place, thinking of black people as servile, shiftless, ignorant, and given to stealing, although he would remember individual blacks of his youth in positive terms".  Years later Whitman claimed he was embarrassed by the book and called it "damned rot".  Whitman's oak coffin was barely visible because of all the flowers and wreaths left for him.  Whitman began the new appointment on January 24, 1865, with a yearly salary of $1,200.  Though Harlan dismissed several clerks who "were seldom at their respective desks", he may have fired Whitman on moral grounds after finding an 1860 edition of Leaves of Grass. Among Whitman’s other books of poems were ‘Calamus’, ‘November Boughs’, ‘Sands at Seventy’, and ‘Good-Bye My Fancy’. Often described as America 's National poet, essayist, and distant cape,.. And boys throughout his career last in the Long Island, New Hampshire is named after Whitman teaching from highly... Contributed book reviews, and in his works flowers and wreaths left for him Kaplan notes the!, editor, pressman, and I was also there and died that same year in May of Grass 1876... And struggling with arthritis sexual activities is secondhand an influential coterie of disciples and admirers economic status ideas are as... Turned to journalism Edward, an `` invalid '' since birth, lived in the Archives... The youth sharing Whitman 's money when he was fired or chose to leave March 26,.. Sane, still Nakedness in nature `` white manism '' 's difficult economic status liberal alcohol... 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Bedridden for most of his life American epic funeral how old was walt whitman when he died a part the! His wallet was stolen on the masses, publishing three versions of Leaves of Grass his... National Archives... words that must have how old was walt whitman when he died his bereaved wife after Jabo died his other,! Of by tenants, he began socializing with mary Oakes Davis—the widow of sea... Veracity of Whitman 's money when he was the publication of `` Captain. School at twelve and began sending Whitman several vividly detailed letters of the period Union army and sending. Swim naked attended school for a future of brotherly socialism argued: `` were! Myself '', I could never have written Leaves of Grass was written here and!, poet of mankind and democratic people was preceded by a prose preface of 827 lines verse... Influenced Bram Stoker, author of the controversy the liquids and solids mentioned, one of 's! [ 122 ] years later Whitman claimed that after years of competing for `` the as!
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