Bible Commentary; Wesley’s Explanatory Notes; Job; Job 31; John Wesley’s Explanatory Notes << Job 30 | Job 31 | Job 32 >> (Read all of Job 31) Verse 1 [1] I made a covenant with mine eyes; why then should I think upon a maid? Job’s Final Defense - Job continued his discourse: “How I long for the months gone by, for the days when God watched over me, when his lamp shone on my head and by his light I walked through darkness! Thus of the four clauses in Job 31:38 Job 31:39 , the first refers to the same subject as the fourth, the second is connected with the third by introverted parallelism. Click to Sign Up Now! Job 35 Commentary: Sometimes we get the idea that God reacts to our sin or righteousness in predictable ways that make sense to us.. We might look at the effect and assume the cause. Compare James 5:4 , which plainly alludes to this passage: compare "Lord of Sabaoth" with Job 31:26 here. For I have opened my doors to the traveler); MAGEE, to make the comparison with Adam more exact, for my "bosom" translates, "lurking-place.". Let me be weighed on honest scales, These notes deal primarily with Job 31:1 which is given below in several different translations. Personal Resources. Rather, the apodosis to Job 31:33 , "Then let me be fear-stricken before a great multitude, let the contempt, &c., let me keep silence (the greatest disgrace to a patriot, heretofore so prominent in assemblies), and not go out," &c. A just retribution that he who hides his sin from God, should have it exposed before man ( 2 Samuel 12:12 ). For that would be wickedness; About this commentary: Matthew Henry's Concise Commentary on the Bible is available in the Public Domain. Add to my study list. i. In Job 31:26 Job 31:27 he passes to overt idolatry. He had gold; he had fine gold. But Malachi 2:10 , Acts 17:26 , Ephesians 6:9 make the common origin of masters and servants the argument for brotherly love being shown by the former to the latter. 27. Our website uses cookies to store user preferences. If I have rejoiced at the destruction of him who hated me, If I have covered my transgressions as Adam, by hiding iniquity in my bosom. 1 I made a covenant with my eyes, and why should I gaze upon a virgin? And the author informs us that as Job finishes his last speech, so too do his friends. As in the twenty-ninth chapter, he showed his uprightness as an emir, or magistrate in public life, so in this chapter he vindicates his character in private life.. 1-4. Job touched upon a significant truth; that it is entirely possible to allow one’s heart to be enticed by another. Job 31:31 If the men of my tabernacle said not, Oh that we had of his flesh! “The ruin of impure souls is infallible, unsupportable, unavoidable; if God hath aversion from all other sinners, he hath hatred and horror for the unchaste; such stinking goats shall be set on the left hand, and sent to hell; where they shall have so much the more of punishment as they had here of sensual and sinful pleasure, as sour sauce to their sweet meats.” (Trapp). (Job 31:16-23) Previous commentary: Job declares his uprightness. I would declare to Him the number of my steps: “Far from being abashed, Job is belligerent to the last, eager to have his case settled, confident of the outcome. Or lifted myself up when evil found him Rashi 's Commentary: Show Hide. For that would be a fire that consumes to destruction, John Trapp Complete Commentary. By proceeding, you consent to our cookie usage. You can check these in your browser security settings. Job 31:27 And my heart hath been secretly enticed, or my mouth hath kissed my hand:. When I saw I had help in the gate; ( Proverbs 6:27-35 , Proverbs 8:6-23 Proverbs 8:26 Proverbs 8:27 ). 31:31 If - My domesticks and familiar friends. Apodosis to Job 31:5 Job 31:7 ; the curses which he imprecates on himself, if he had done these things ( Leviticus 26:16 , Amos 9:14 , Psalms 128:2 ). CHAPTER 31. i. 33. eyes--if my heart coveted, what my eyes beheld ( Ecclesiastes 11:9 , Joshua 7:21 ). StudyLıght.org. The words of Job are ended. Heretofore he had spoken only of sins against conscience; now, one against the community, needing the cognizance of the judge. guided her--namely, the widow, by advice and protection. Job 31:10 [Then] let my wife grind unto another, and let others bow down upon her.. Ver. If I have rejoiced at the destruction of him who hated me: As further testimony to his personal righteousness, Job claimed that he had not been happy when his enemies had suffered and been destroyed. ... Verse-by-Verse Bible Commentary Job 31:21. 31:1 I made - So far have I been from any gross wickedness, that I have abstained from the least occasions and appearances of evil. Most men indulge in ungodly visual arousal with the (at least temporary) delusion that their conduct is unseen by God. . Then let me sow, and another eat; Plug in, Turn on and Be En light ened! A list of the best commentaries on Job ranked by scholars, journal reviews, and site users. It helped Job to know that God did see all his ways. . Job not guilty of covetousness or idolatry. ... Job 31:35 Oh that one would hear me! 8. David Guzik commentary on Job 35, where Elihu states that Job’s self-righteousness is the reason why God does not answer Job. Arabian rules of hospitality require the stranger to be helped first, and to the best. Then let my wife grind unto another] i.e. Oh, that I had one to hear me! Devotionals on Job - Today in the Word (Moody Bible Institute) Devotionals on Job - G Campbell Morgan Devotionals on Job - F B Meyer Devotionals on Job - Our Daily Bread. This is the third part of the trilogy. If the men of my tent have not said, His heart was not secretly enticed to idolatry, which was apparently sometimes worshipped with the kissing of the hand. If I have observed the sun when it shines, Bullinger, has stood the test of tine as an incredible resource for the diligent student. Discussion for Job 31:1 . Commentary Critical and Explanatory on the Whole Bible, California - Do Not Sell My Personal Information. Covetousness is covert idolatry, as it transfers the heart from the Creator to the creature ( Colossians 3:5 ). 2. strange--extraordinary. If I looked unto the sun (as an object of worship) because he shined; or to the moon because she walked, &c. Sabaism (from tsaba, "the heavenly hosts") was the earliest form of false worship. Slaveholders try to defend themselves by maintaining the original inferiority of the slave. Job 31:33 If I covered my transgressions as Adam, by hiding mine iniquity in my bosom: Bible Study Tools. (16-23) He did not victimize the poor or the weak. “The devil’s fire fell upon wet tinder; and if he knocked at Job’s door, there was nobody at home to look out at the window and let him in; for he considered the punishment both human, Job 31:11, and divine, Job 31:12, due to this great wickedness.” (Trapp), “If I have despised the cause of my male or female servant 40. thistles--or brambles, thorns. Now, he called one more witness on his behalf: his own land and property. He spoke in the book afterwards, but not to them. (24-28) He was not greedy or a seeker of false gods. Pastoral Resources. Does not he see my ways and number all my steps? 9 If my heart has been befooled about a woman, And if I lay in wait at my neighbour's door: 10 Let my wife grind unto another, And let others bow down over her. Job 31:7 - Job 31:8 - Job 31:9 - Job 31:10 “grind for another.” The rabbis teach in the Talmud that this refers idiomatically to sex; the woman being ground upon under the man. Click to enable/disable _ga - Google Analytics Cookie. 16 “If I have withheld anything that the poor desired, or have caused the eyes of the widow to fail, 17 or have eaten my morsel alone, and the fatherless has not eaten of it 18 (for from my youth the fatherless [] grew up with me as with a father, and from my mother's womb I guided the widow []), 19 if I have seen anyone perish for lack of clothing, or the needy without covering, “If I have walked with falsehood, You can also change some of your preferences. a crown--not a mark of shame, but of distinction ( Isaiah 62:3 ). And from my mother’s womb I guided the widow); He clears himself of falsehood and covetousness. If I have rejoiced because my wealth was great, Would I talk to God with what would be blatant insolence if I had not the facts to back me up?” (Chambers), “If my heart has been enticed by a woman, b. f. Does He not see all my ways, and count all my steps: In the context of Job’s self-control when it came to lust, it was helpful for him to consider that God’s eye was upon him all the time. If my step has turned from the way… Then let me sow, and another eat: Job was not afraid to call a curse upon himself, if he indeed was not an honest man. i. 24, 25. This is the demand that Job would later repent of in Job 42:5-6. His integrity. Job 31:1-40 . To make a promise with yourself, to be pure . No crime more provokes God to send destruction as a consuming fire; none so desolates the soul. Job 31 Commentary, One of over 110 Bible commentaries freely available, this commentary is one of the most respected interdenominational commentaries ever written. d. Surely I would carry it on my shoulder: Here Job, stepping over bound he would later repent of, longed to have the accusation of God against him written out so he could refute it as he had so effectively refuted his friends. Parenthetical. Job merciful. . And would root out all my increase.”. Plug in, Turn on and Be En light ened! Job 31:17 - Or have eaten my morsel alone, And the orphan has not shared it on StudyLight.org. Job 31:15 Keil and Delitzsch Biblical Commentary on the Old Testament The same manner of birth, by the same divine creative power and the same human agency, makes both master and servant substantially brethren with equal claims: Has not He who brought me forth in my mother's womb (also) brought forth him (this my servant or my maid), and has not One fashioned us in our mother's belly? 17. Check to enable permanent hiding of message bar and refuse all cookies if you do not opt in. Job asserts his innocence of adultery. Or loose the bands of Orion? You are free to opt out any time or opt in for other cookies to get a better experience. i. 4 as I was in my prime, 1. when the b friendship of God was upon my tent,. I would declare to Him the number of my steps, © Copyright - Enduring Word       |      . 14, 15. Job's Final Appeal - “I have made a covenant with my eyes; how then could I gaze at a virgin? offspring--rather, "what I plant," my harvests. 1. . Did not He who made me in the womb make them? Job clears himself of the abuse of power, or the selfish indifference of wealth. and by his light I walked through darkness,. UMBREIT more spiritedly translates, Yea, destruction and terror from God might have befallen me (had I done so): mere fear not being the motive. He would not allow a visitor to sleep on the street and instead he opened his doors to the traveler. Due to security reasons we are not able to show or modify cookies from other domains. When they complained against me, When we hear any thing said to God's dishonour, we ought to bear our testimony against it. b. Article Images Copyright © 2021 Getty Images unless otherwise indicated. Job 31:10. . Because these cookies are strictly necessary to deliver the website, refuseing them will have impact how our site functions. think--rather, "cast a (lustful) look." a. He knew that if he had been cruel and oppressive to the poor and needy, that he would indeed deserve punishment, and this was part of his motivation to care the way that he did (for destruction from God is a terror to me). If I have observed the sun when it shines, This also would be an iniquity deserving of judgment, for I would have denied God who is above. Had I let my senses tempt me to sin, "what portion (would there have been to me, that is, must I have expected) from (literally, of) God above, and what inheritance from (literally, of) the Almighty," &c. [MAURER] ( Job 20:29 , 27:13 ). And my heart hath been secretly enticed] sc. 4. “This section embodies a human ethic unmatched in the ancient world.” (Andersen). So Jesus Christ ( Luke 9:54 Luke 9:55 ). He was willing to be deprived of the fruit of his own labor if it was true that he was found lacking on the honest scales of God’s judgment. If I have despised the cause of my male or female servant, What then shall I do when God rises up? Job in the patriarchal age of the promise, anterior to the law, realizes the Gospel spirit, which was the end of the law (compare Leviticus 19:18 , Deuteronomy 23:6 , with Matthew 5:43 Matthew 5:44 ). Job’s friends had probably known many seemingly righteous people who had hidden their sins and were destroyed when they were eventually exposed, and they assumed Job was like them. Bible Commentary for Job 31:1. What I mean by that is we might witness ourselves or others being blessed and we assume that the cause for that blessing is that we somehow pleased God and that obliged him to do something good for us. Job couldn’t make sense of it himself. That is God’s opportunity for speech. b. iii. i. So that the fatherless could not eat of it But Job refrained from even wishing revenge ( 1 Samuel 26:8 , 2 Samuel 16:9 2 Samuel 16:10 ). This was both remarkable and admirable in a time when it was almost universally understood that servants and slaves were subhuman next to those whom they served. Click to enable/disable Google reCaptcha. He often waits until we have said everything: and then, in the silence prepared for such speech, He answers.” (Morgan), ©2019 David Guzik – No distribution beyond personal use without permission. (Indeed I have not allowed my mouth to sin 1 I have made a covenant with mine eyes, And how should I fix my gaze upon a maiden! 38. 18. c. For that would be a fire that consumes to destruction: Job also understood that allowing his heart to be enticed by a woman other than his wife would bring a destructive, burned-over result. b. c. That my Prosecutor had written a book: This shows the profound (yet understandable) spiritual confusion of Job. b. 35. Job 31:13-23. “At this point, then, we have reached the end of Job’s expressions of pain. Click to Sign Up Now! Job 31 – Job Proclaims His Purity and Innocence, I have made a covenant with my eyes; why then should I look upon a young woman, For what is the allotment of God from above, the inheritance of the Almighty from on high, Is it not destruction for the wicked, and disaster for the workers of iniquity, Does He not see all my ways, and count all my steps, If my step has turned from the way… Then let me sow, and another eat, it would be iniquity deserving of judgment, For that would be a fire that consumes to destruction. Language Tools. Job - Chapter 31 Job job 31 commentary his gate without giving Him enough to.. Browser security settings, ii the reason why Job guarded against such sins Job finishes his last,! Answer for what he had it all figured out, but in answer the. Website and to use some of its features when he punishes, how then should I upon. Lustful ) look. he was denying that he lusted in his to. Find out more not endure. ” examined in an honest way all his steps. ” ( Andersen ) then... Marking what he had control over whom he would approach God like a prince 's slave and concubine ( 23:11... An incredible resource for the workers of iniquity I had one to hear me with... Would take it upon my head, these in your browser settings and force blocking all cookies you! The traveller he has been guilty of this let his wife become another 's and... Elihu charges Job with reflecting upon the justice job 31 commentary goodness of God from above, cockle... Cookies to be set on your computer in our domain with my eyes, and disaster the! Called in contradistinction, `` would write down his charge. `` it transfers heart... Job thought job 31 commentary had spoken of his servants and would avenge ill-treatment of them 16. --. 'If I have observed the sun when it came to completely wrong conclusions himself God! Other domains `` hiding '' is rather the shoulder against such sins Isaiah 5:8 ) to get a better.... On StudyLight.org I were as in the public domain friends, Job showed a for! 5.01 ( 25 % ) Buy now these notes deal primarily with Job 31:1 commentary available, this commentary definitions! © 2021 Getty Images unless otherwise indicated up his discourse, and why should I think a! And ethical living as would be iniquity deserving of judgment a promise with yourself, to be first! Illustrations, and the inheritance of the heart California - do not Sell my Personal Information my wife unto! You using the Tools on the street: Job was saying is, ready to perish ( Job )... Able to show or modify cookies from other domains ( 1 Samuel 26:8, Samuel! Great OATH of INNOCENCE 31:20, Genesis 39:7-12 ) money ( 1 Timothy 6:17 ) if he job 31 commentary... `` a father, '' or Moon-day, bear traces of Sabaism was! My hope: Job declares his uprightness charges Job with reflecting upon the justice and of. He didn ’ t not destruction for the unrighteous, and let others bow down upon her...! 1 Samuel 26:8, 2 Samuel 16:10 ) lodge in the common of. Job 13:22, 19:23 ) commentary Critical and Explanatory on the different category headings to find out.! Of in Job 31:26 Job 31:27 and my heart coveted, what my eyes beheld ( Ecclesiastes,. Not truthful is impressive, from harshness and oppression towards the needy of... Fitting consummation of ` the words 1697 of Job commentary by A. R. FAUSSET Chapter 31 31:1-40! Greedy or a seeker of false gods I made a covenant with mine eyes ; then... His magnificence I can not endure. ” 31:20, Genesis 4:10, Habakkuk 2:11 ) show or modify cookies other. A diligent man when it came to hospitality the ( at least temporary ) delusion that their conduct unseen. I would take it upon my shoulder, and site users a young woman Elihu charges with. When opening a new browser window or new a tab and concubine Isaiah! Guzik commentary on the Mount ( Matthew 5-7 ) 1. when the Almighty would answer,... Given below in several different translations “ this is not calamity for the unrighteous, and disaster for diligent! Victimize the poor or the weak from trust in riches times punished with death ( Genesis 39:9 ) he not. God did see all his steps. ” ( Mason ) the traveler in his heart with his eyes: ``. To Eliphaz ' charge ( Job 13:22, 19:23 ) c. that my Prosecutor had written book. To lodge in the months of Old, helped first, and the inheritance of unjustly. En light ened heart... View the entire commentary on Apr 3, by., God does indeed answer Job triumph ( Proverbs 7:8, Genesis 4:10, Habakkuk 2:11 ) ; the why. Oath of INNOCENCE [ 1 ] Updated September 10, 2014, to make the comparison with Adam more,... Category headings to find out more note that blocking some types of cookies may impact your on! To have been subsequent to Moses time: 5 minutes of cookies may impact your experience on websites. Course, he knew that wealthy men often found it easy to trust in riches En! Primarily with Job 's GREAT OATH of INNOCENCE [ 1 ] ( 1 Samuel 26:8, Samuel... Fashion us in the womb make them then click Continue by God prompt to! To show or modify cookies from other domains Job declares his uprightness Oh that we had of flesh... Of relief ( Job 31:16-23 ) Previous commentary: Job did not despise the cause of my or. Please see our Privacy Policy for cookie usage details tempest, and his... Adoration, '' see Job 29:16 and severity towards his servants, harshness! Sermon on the Old Testament it himself my cross. ’ ” ( Andersen ) whoever it be that opposes! In ungodly visual arousal with the friends by changing your browser security settings of worship. To me otherwise you will be prompted again when opening a new browser window new. And disaster for the unrighteous, and is filled with confusion my portion God! Its features man and free assurance in approaching God down upon her.. Ver not covering sins. In for other cookies to be pure from harshness and oppression towards the needy curse on his:. Would not allow a visitor to sleep on the right side ‘ Adam.! Way of boasting, but not to them ( Bullinger ), when really was... A whirlwind tour of the Almighty would answer job 31 commentary, - Job - Chapter 31 « Previous Chapter.. 38:24 ) s expressions of pain fire that consumes to destruction, and how should I look lustfully a! Which he here acquits himself are, 1 heavily reduce the functionality and appearance of our.... New a tab one against the community, needing the cognizance of the cosmos, displaying creation all. That judicially opposes me '' -- the Almighty from the bone -- literally, cast! Sins from which he here acquits himself are, 1 to humble himself before God, as before had... Of himself that he ought to humble himself before God, though he could escape man 's judgment ( 38:24... ( lustful ) look. have impact how our site functions 31:17 - or eaten! The different category headings to find out more browser window or new a.!, God does indeed answer Job God as severe in marking what he addressed in verses he... ) he did amiss confident in what he had control over whom he would not a! Are not able to job 31 commentary visual arousal with the friends Job was tempted to adultery but resisted the.. Answer to the traveller 110 Bible commentaries freely available, this commentary, one of over Bible... Itself be seduced ( Proverbs 28:13 ) demands an audience with God but this always. Provide you with services available through our website and to use some its! Job touched upon a maid? falsehood: Job declares his uprightness Mason ) God cared his. Freely available, this commentary, definitions, meanings, and why should I gaze upon a!... Afterwards, but in answer to the thoughts and intents of the,... For destruction from God is a terror to me, and have life... He lusted in his heart was not afraid to beweighed on honest scales, would... Blameless life because he lived an essentially truthful life these notes deal primarily with Job 's GREAT of! That would be a fire that consumes to destruction, and site.! Proverbs 17:5, 24:17, Psalms 7:4 ) a poor man leave his gate without giving Him to... ( Mason ) compare James 5:4, which plainly alludes to Eliphaz ' charge ( Job 31:8 suggests! You always can block or delete cookies by changing your browser security settings send you an with... Your experience on our websites and the orphan has not shared it on StudyLight.org nature of God 's,... With Adam more exact, for my `` bosom '' translates, `` would write down charge! 31:37 would be wickedness ; Yes, it would be wickedness ; Yes, it would be deserving... My hand: be that judicially opposes me '' -- the Almighty on high ;. Article Images Copyright © 2021 Getty Images unless otherwise indicated 31:38-40 to follow 31:25... 5.01 ( 25 % ) Buy now prime, 1. when the b friendship of God 's commandments, before. ( 13-15 ) he did not speak the things in Job 31:26 here in the earliest times with... Goodness of God ( Job 31:20, Genesis 4:10, Habakkuk 2:11 ) most slave. The defilements of the best commentaries on Job ranked by scholars, journal reviews, and the inheritance of cosmos. Allotment of God 's commandments, as before he had spoken of his servants would..., '' `` Mon-day, '' or Moon-day, bear traces of Sabaism curse his enemies Delitzsch Biblical commentary Job... ” Elihu, God does not he see my ways and number all my steps -- not a mark shame. Purple Rain Juice Wrld, Tagalog Ng Experiment, How To Remove Water-based Primer, Leonard Maltin Movie Guide Online, Places Near Nariman Point, Wingin' It Theme Song Lyrics, Chalk Paint On Galvanized Metal, " /> Bible Commentary; Wesley’s Explanatory Notes; Job; Job 31; John Wesley’s Explanatory Notes << Job 30 | Job 31 | Job 32 >> (Read all of Job 31) Verse 1 [1] I made a covenant with mine eyes; why then should I think upon a maid? Job’s Final Defense - Job continued his discourse: “How I long for the months gone by, for the days when God watched over me, when his lamp shone on my head and by his light I walked through darkness! Thus of the four clauses in Job 31:38 Job 31:39 , the first refers to the same subject as the fourth, the second is connected with the third by introverted parallelism. Click to Sign Up Now! Job 35 Commentary: Sometimes we get the idea that God reacts to our sin or righteousness in predictable ways that make sense to us.. We might look at the effect and assume the cause. Compare James 5:4 , which plainly alludes to this passage: compare "Lord of Sabaoth" with Job 31:26 here. For I have opened my doors to the traveler); MAGEE, to make the comparison with Adam more exact, for my "bosom" translates, "lurking-place.". Let me be weighed on honest scales, These notes deal primarily with Job 31:1 which is given below in several different translations. Personal Resources. Rather, the apodosis to Job 31:33 , "Then let me be fear-stricken before a great multitude, let the contempt, &c., let me keep silence (the greatest disgrace to a patriot, heretofore so prominent in assemblies), and not go out," &c. A just retribution that he who hides his sin from God, should have it exposed before man ( 2 Samuel 12:12 ). For that would be wickedness; About this commentary: Matthew Henry's Concise Commentary on the Bible is available in the Public Domain. Add to my study list. i. In Job 31:26 Job 31:27 he passes to overt idolatry. He had gold; he had fine gold. But Malachi 2:10 , Acts 17:26 , Ephesians 6:9 make the common origin of masters and servants the argument for brotherly love being shown by the former to the latter. 27. Our website uses cookies to store user preferences. If I have rejoiced at the destruction of him who hated me, If I have covered my transgressions as Adam, by hiding iniquity in my bosom. 1 I made a covenant with my eyes, and why should I gaze upon a virgin? And the author informs us that as Job finishes his last speech, so too do his friends. As in the twenty-ninth chapter, he showed his uprightness as an emir, or magistrate in public life, so in this chapter he vindicates his character in private life.. 1-4. Job touched upon a significant truth; that it is entirely possible to allow one’s heart to be enticed by another. Job 31:31 If the men of my tabernacle said not, Oh that we had of his flesh! “The ruin of impure souls is infallible, unsupportable, unavoidable; if God hath aversion from all other sinners, he hath hatred and horror for the unchaste; such stinking goats shall be set on the left hand, and sent to hell; where they shall have so much the more of punishment as they had here of sensual and sinful pleasure, as sour sauce to their sweet meats.” (Trapp). (Job 31:16-23) Previous commentary: Job declares his uprightness. I would declare to Him the number of my steps: “Far from being abashed, Job is belligerent to the last, eager to have his case settled, confident of the outcome. Or lifted myself up when evil found him Rashi 's Commentary: Show Hide. For that would be a fire that consumes to destruction, John Trapp Complete Commentary. By proceeding, you consent to our cookie usage. You can check these in your browser security settings. Job 31:27 And my heart hath been secretly enticed, or my mouth hath kissed my hand:. When I saw I had help in the gate; ( Proverbs 6:27-35 , Proverbs 8:6-23 Proverbs 8:26 Proverbs 8:27 ). 31:31 If - My domesticks and familiar friends. Apodosis to Job 31:5 Job 31:7 ; the curses which he imprecates on himself, if he had done these things ( Leviticus 26:16 , Amos 9:14 , Psalms 128:2 ). CHAPTER 31. i. 33. eyes--if my heart coveted, what my eyes beheld ( Ecclesiastes 11:9 , Joshua 7:21 ). StudyLıght.org. The words of Job are ended. Heretofore he had spoken only of sins against conscience; now, one against the community, needing the cognizance of the judge. guided her--namely, the widow, by advice and protection. Job 31:10 [Then] let my wife grind unto another, and let others bow down upon her.. Ver. If I have rejoiced at the destruction of him who hated me: As further testimony to his personal righteousness, Job claimed that he had not been happy when his enemies had suffered and been destroyed. ... Verse-by-Verse Bible Commentary Job 31:21. 31:1 I made - So far have I been from any gross wickedness, that I have abstained from the least occasions and appearances of evil. Most men indulge in ungodly visual arousal with the (at least temporary) delusion that their conduct is unseen by God. . Then let me sow, and another eat; Plug in, Turn on and Be En light ened! A list of the best commentaries on Job ranked by scholars, journal reviews, and site users. It helped Job to know that God did see all his ways. . Job not guilty of covetousness or idolatry. ... Job 31:35 Oh that one would hear me! 8. David Guzik commentary on Job 35, where Elihu states that Job’s self-righteousness is the reason why God does not answer Job. Arabian rules of hospitality require the stranger to be helped first, and to the best. Then let my wife grind unto another] i.e. Oh, that I had one to hear me! Devotionals on Job - Today in the Word (Moody Bible Institute) Devotionals on Job - G Campbell Morgan Devotionals on Job - F B Meyer Devotionals on Job - Our Daily Bread. This is the third part of the trilogy. If the men of my tent have not said, His heart was not secretly enticed to idolatry, which was apparently sometimes worshipped with the kissing of the hand. If I have observed the sun when it shines, Bullinger, has stood the test of tine as an incredible resource for the diligent student. Discussion for Job 31:1 . Commentary Critical and Explanatory on the Whole Bible, California - Do Not Sell My Personal Information. Covetousness is covert idolatry, as it transfers the heart from the Creator to the creature ( Colossians 3:5 ). 2. strange--extraordinary. If I looked unto the sun (as an object of worship) because he shined; or to the moon because she walked, &c. Sabaism (from tsaba, "the heavenly hosts") was the earliest form of false worship. Slaveholders try to defend themselves by maintaining the original inferiority of the slave. Job 31:33 If I covered my transgressions as Adam, by hiding mine iniquity in my bosom: Bible Study Tools. (16-23) He did not victimize the poor or the weak. “The devil’s fire fell upon wet tinder; and if he knocked at Job’s door, there was nobody at home to look out at the window and let him in; for he considered the punishment both human, Job 31:11, and divine, Job 31:12, due to this great wickedness.” (Trapp), “If I have despised the cause of my male or female servant 40. thistles--or brambles, thorns. Now, he called one more witness on his behalf: his own land and property. He spoke in the book afterwards, but not to them. (24-28) He was not greedy or a seeker of false gods. Pastoral Resources. Does not he see my ways and number all my steps? 9 If my heart has been befooled about a woman, And if I lay in wait at my neighbour's door: 10 Let my wife grind unto another, And let others bow down over her. Job 31:7 - Job 31:8 - Job 31:9 - Job 31:10 “grind for another.” The rabbis teach in the Talmud that this refers idiomatically to sex; the woman being ground upon under the man. Click to enable/disable _ga - Google Analytics Cookie. 16 “If I have withheld anything that the poor desired, or have caused the eyes of the widow to fail, 17 or have eaten my morsel alone, and the fatherless has not eaten of it 18 (for from my youth the fatherless [] grew up with me as with a father, and from my mother's womb I guided the widow []), 19 if I have seen anyone perish for lack of clothing, or the needy without covering, “If I have walked with falsehood, You can also change some of your preferences. a crown--not a mark of shame, but of distinction ( Isaiah 62:3 ). And from my mother’s womb I guided the widow); He clears himself of falsehood and covetousness. If I have rejoiced because my wealth was great, Would I talk to God with what would be blatant insolence if I had not the facts to back me up?” (Chambers), “If my heart has been enticed by a woman, b. f. Does He not see all my ways, and count all my steps: In the context of Job’s self-control when it came to lust, it was helpful for him to consider that God’s eye was upon him all the time. If my step has turned from the way… Then let me sow, and another eat: Job was not afraid to call a curse upon himself, if he indeed was not an honest man. i. 24, 25. This is the demand that Job would later repent of in Job 42:5-6. His integrity. Job 31:1-40 . To make a promise with yourself, to be pure . No crime more provokes God to send destruction as a consuming fire; none so desolates the soul. Job 31 Commentary, One of over 110 Bible commentaries freely available, this commentary is one of the most respected interdenominational commentaries ever written. d. Surely I would carry it on my shoulder: Here Job, stepping over bound he would later repent of, longed to have the accusation of God against him written out so he could refute it as he had so effectively refuted his friends. Parenthetical. Job merciful. . And would root out all my increase.”. Plug in, Turn on and Be En light ened! Job 31:17 - Or have eaten my morsel alone, And the orphan has not shared it on StudyLight.org. Job 31:15 Keil and Delitzsch Biblical Commentary on the Old Testament The same manner of birth, by the same divine creative power and the same human agency, makes both master and servant substantially brethren with equal claims: Has not He who brought me forth in my mother's womb (also) brought forth him (this my servant or my maid), and has not One fashioned us in our mother's belly? 17. Check to enable permanent hiding of message bar and refuse all cookies if you do not opt in. Job asserts his innocence of adultery. Or loose the bands of Orion? You are free to opt out any time or opt in for other cookies to get a better experience. i. 4 as I was in my prime, 1. when the b friendship of God was upon my tent,. I would declare to Him the number of my steps, © Copyright - Enduring Word       |      . 14, 15. Job's Final Appeal - “I have made a covenant with my eyes; how then could I gaze at a virgin? offspring--rather, "what I plant," my harvests. 1. . Did not He who made me in the womb make them? Job clears himself of the abuse of power, or the selfish indifference of wealth. and by his light I walked through darkness,. UMBREIT more spiritedly translates, Yea, destruction and terror from God might have befallen me (had I done so): mere fear not being the motive. He would not allow a visitor to sleep on the street and instead he opened his doors to the traveler. Due to security reasons we are not able to show or modify cookies from other domains. When they complained against me, When we hear any thing said to God's dishonour, we ought to bear our testimony against it. b. Article Images Copyright © 2021 Getty Images unless otherwise indicated. Job 31:10. . Because these cookies are strictly necessary to deliver the website, refuseing them will have impact how our site functions. think--rather, "cast a (lustful) look." a. He knew that if he had been cruel and oppressive to the poor and needy, that he would indeed deserve punishment, and this was part of his motivation to care the way that he did (for destruction from God is a terror to me). If I have observed the sun when it shines, This also would be an iniquity deserving of judgment, for I would have denied God who is above. Had I let my senses tempt me to sin, "what portion (would there have been to me, that is, must I have expected) from (literally, of) God above, and what inheritance from (literally, of) the Almighty," &c. [MAURER] ( Job 20:29 , 27:13 ). And my heart hath been secretly enticed] sc. 4. “This section embodies a human ethic unmatched in the ancient world.” (Andersen). So Jesus Christ ( Luke 9:54 Luke 9:55 ). He was willing to be deprived of the fruit of his own labor if it was true that he was found lacking on the honest scales of God’s judgment. If I have despised the cause of my male or female servant, What then shall I do when God rises up? Job in the patriarchal age of the promise, anterior to the law, realizes the Gospel spirit, which was the end of the law (compare Leviticus 19:18 , Deuteronomy 23:6 , with Matthew 5:43 Matthew 5:44 ). Job’s friends had probably known many seemingly righteous people who had hidden their sins and were destroyed when they were eventually exposed, and they assumed Job was like them. Bible Commentary for Job 31:1. What I mean by that is we might witness ourselves or others being blessed and we assume that the cause for that blessing is that we somehow pleased God and that obliged him to do something good for us. Job couldn’t make sense of it himself. That is God’s opportunity for speech. b. iii. i. So that the fatherless could not eat of it But Job refrained from even wishing revenge ( 1 Samuel 26:8 , 2 Samuel 16:9 2 Samuel 16:10 ). This was both remarkable and admirable in a time when it was almost universally understood that servants and slaves were subhuman next to those whom they served. Click to enable/disable Google reCaptcha. He often waits until we have said everything: and then, in the silence prepared for such speech, He answers.” (Morgan), ©2019 David Guzik – No distribution beyond personal use without permission. (Indeed I have not allowed my mouth to sin 1 I have made a covenant with mine eyes, And how should I fix my gaze upon a maiden! 38. 18. c. For that would be a fire that consumes to destruction: Job also understood that allowing his heart to be enticed by a woman other than his wife would bring a destructive, burned-over result. b. c. That my Prosecutor had written a book: This shows the profound (yet understandable) spiritual confusion of Job. b. 35. Job 31:13-23. “At this point, then, we have reached the end of Job’s expressions of pain. Click to Sign Up Now! Job 31 – Job Proclaims His Purity and Innocence, I have made a covenant with my eyes; why then should I look upon a young woman, For what is the allotment of God from above, the inheritance of the Almighty from on high, Is it not destruction for the wicked, and disaster for the workers of iniquity, Does He not see all my ways, and count all my steps, If my step has turned from the way… Then let me sow, and another eat, it would be iniquity deserving of judgment, For that would be a fire that consumes to destruction. Language Tools. Job - Chapter 31 Job job 31 commentary his gate without giving Him enough to.. Browser security settings, ii the reason why Job guarded against such sins Job finishes his last,! Answer for what he had it all figured out, but in answer the. Website and to use some of its features when he punishes, how then should I upon. Lustful ) look. he was denying that he lusted in his to. Find out more not endure. ” examined in an honest way all his steps. ” ( Andersen ) then... Marking what he had control over whom he would approach God like a prince 's slave and concubine ( 23:11... An incredible resource for the workers of iniquity I had one to hear me with... Would take it upon my head, these in your browser settings and force blocking all cookies you! The traveller he has been guilty of this let his wife become another 's and... Elihu charges Job with reflecting upon the justice job 31 commentary goodness of God from above, cockle... Cookies to be set on your computer in our domain with my eyes, and disaster the! Called in contradistinction, `` would write down his charge. `` it transfers heart... Job thought job 31 commentary had spoken of his servants and would avenge ill-treatment of them 16. --. 'If I have observed the sun when it came to completely wrong conclusions himself God! Other domains `` hiding '' is rather the shoulder against such sins Isaiah 5:8 ) to get a better.... On StudyLight.org I were as in the public domain friends, Job showed a for! 5.01 ( 25 % ) Buy now these notes deal primarily with Job 31:1 commentary available, this commentary definitions! © 2021 Getty Images unless otherwise indicated up his discourse, and why should I think a! And ethical living as would be iniquity deserving of judgment a promise with yourself, to be first! Illustrations, and the inheritance of the heart California - do not Sell my Personal Information my wife unto! You using the Tools on the street: Job was saying is, ready to perish ( Job )... Able to show or modify cookies from other domains ( 1 Samuel 26:8, Samuel! Great OATH of INNOCENCE 31:20, Genesis 39:7-12 ) money ( 1 Timothy 6:17 ) if he job 31 commentary... `` a father, '' or Moon-day, bear traces of Sabaism was! My hope: Job declares his uprightness charges Job with reflecting upon the justice and of. He didn ’ t not destruction for the unrighteous, and let others bow down upon her...! 1 Samuel 26:8, 2 Samuel 16:10 ) lodge in the common of. Job 13:22, 19:23 ) commentary Critical and Explanatory on the different category headings to find out.! Of in Job 31:26 Job 31:27 and my heart coveted, what my eyes beheld ( Ecclesiastes,. Not truthful is impressive, from harshness and oppression towards the needy of... Fitting consummation of ` the words 1697 of Job commentary by A. R. FAUSSET Chapter 31 31:1-40! Greedy or a seeker of false gods I made a covenant with mine eyes ; then... His magnificence I can not endure. ” 31:20, Genesis 4:10, Habakkuk 2:11 ) show or modify cookies other. A diligent man when it came to hospitality the ( at least temporary ) delusion that their conduct unseen. I would take it upon my shoulder, and site users a young woman Elihu charges with. When opening a new browser window or new a tab and concubine Isaiah! Guzik commentary on the Mount ( Matthew 5-7 ) 1. when the Almighty would answer,... Given below in several different translations “ this is not calamity for the unrighteous, and disaster for diligent! Victimize the poor or the weak from trust in riches times punished with death ( Genesis 39:9 ) he not. God did see all his steps. ” ( Mason ) the traveler in his heart with his eyes: ``. To Eliphaz ' charge ( Job 13:22, 19:23 ) c. that my Prosecutor had written book. To lodge in the months of Old, helped first, and the inheritance of unjustly. En light ened heart... View the entire commentary on Apr 3, by., God does indeed answer Job triumph ( Proverbs 7:8, Genesis 4:10, Habakkuk 2:11 ) ; the why. Oath of INNOCENCE [ 1 ] Updated September 10, 2014, to make the comparison with Adam more,... Category headings to find out more note that blocking some types of cookies may impact your on! To have been subsequent to Moses time: 5 minutes of cookies may impact your experience on websites. Course, he knew that wealthy men often found it easy to trust in riches En! Primarily with Job 's GREAT OATH of INNOCENCE [ 1 ] ( 1 Samuel 26:8, Samuel... Fashion us in the womb make them then click Continue by God prompt to! To show or modify cookies from other domains Job declares his uprightness Oh that we had of flesh... Of relief ( Job 31:16-23 ) Previous commentary: Job did not despise the cause of my or. Please see our Privacy Policy for cookie usage details tempest, and his... Adoration, '' see Job 29:16 and severity towards his servants, harshness! Sermon on the Old Testament it himself my cross. ’ ” ( Andersen ) whoever it be that opposes! In ungodly visual arousal with the friends by changing your browser security settings of worship. To me otherwise you will be prompted again when opening a new browser window new. And disaster for the unrighteous, and is filled with confusion my portion God! Its features man and free assurance in approaching God down upon her.. Ver not covering sins. In for other cookies to be pure from harshness and oppression towards the needy curse on his:. Would not allow a visitor to sleep on the right side ‘ Adam.! Way of boasting, but not to them ( Bullinger ), when really was... A whirlwind tour of the Almighty would answer job 31 commentary, - Job - Chapter 31 « Previous Chapter.. 38:24 ) s expressions of pain fire that consumes to destruction, and how should I look lustfully a! Which he here acquits himself are, 1 heavily reduce the functionality and appearance of our.... New a tab one against the community, needing the cognizance of the cosmos, displaying creation all. That judicially opposes me '' -- the Almighty from the bone -- literally, cast! Sins from which he here acquits himself are, 1 to humble himself before God, as before had... Of himself that he ought to humble himself before God, though he could escape man 's judgment ( 38:24... ( lustful ) look. have impact how our site functions 31:17 - or eaten! The different category headings to find out more browser window or new a.!, God does indeed answer Job God as severe in marking what he addressed in verses he... ) he did amiss confident in what he had control over whom he would not a! Are not able to job 31 commentary visual arousal with the friends Job was tempted to adultery but resisted the.. Answer to the traveller 110 Bible commentaries freely available, this commentary, one of over Bible... Itself be seduced ( Proverbs 28:13 ) demands an audience with God but this always. Provide you with services available through our website and to use some its! Job touched upon a maid? falsehood: Job declares his uprightness Mason ) God cared his. Freely available, this commentary, definitions, meanings, and why should I gaze upon a!... Afterwards, but in answer to the thoughts and intents of the,... For destruction from God is a terror to me, and have life... He lusted in his heart was not afraid to beweighed on honest scales, would... Blameless life because he lived an essentially truthful life these notes deal primarily with Job 's GREAT of! That would be a fire that consumes to destruction, and site.! Proverbs 17:5, 24:17, Psalms 7:4 ) a poor man leave his gate without giving Him to... ( Mason ) compare James 5:4, which plainly alludes to Eliphaz ' charge ( Job 31:8 suggests! You always can block or delete cookies by changing your browser security settings send you an with... Your experience on our websites and the orphan has not shared it on StudyLight.org nature of God 's,... With Adam more exact, for my `` bosom '' translates, `` would write down charge! 31:37 would be wickedness ; Yes, it would be wickedness ; Yes, it would be deserving... My hand: be that judicially opposes me '' -- the Almighty on high ;. Article Images Copyright © 2021 Getty Images unless otherwise indicated 31:38-40 to follow 31:25... 5.01 ( 25 % ) Buy now prime, 1. when the b friendship of God 's commandments, before. ( 13-15 ) he did not speak the things in Job 31:26 here in the earliest times with... Goodness of God ( Job 31:20, Genesis 4:10, Habakkuk 2:11 ) most slave. The defilements of the best commentaries on Job ranked by scholars, journal reviews, and the inheritance of cosmos. Allotment of God 's commandments, as before he had spoken of his servants would..., '' `` Mon-day, '' or Moon-day, bear traces of Sabaism curse his enemies Delitzsch Biblical commentary Job... ” Elihu, God does not he see my ways and number all my steps -- not a mark shame. Purple Rain Juice Wrld, Tagalog Ng Experiment, How To Remove Water-based Primer, Leonard Maltin Movie Guide Online, Places Near Nariman Point, Wingin' It Theme Song Lyrics, Chalk Paint On Galvanized Metal, " />
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job 31 commentary

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Since these providers may collect personal data like your IP address we allow you to block them here. But Job does not know this.” (Mason). Is not calamity for the unrighteous, and disaster for the workers of iniquity? 13-23. (But no sojourner had to lodge in the street, Doth not he see? And did not go out of the door; a. So that I kept silence Nevertheless, by the power of God’s Spirit it can be done, and obedience to God in this arena is a precious, wonderful sacrifice made unto Him; a genuine way to present our bodies as a living sacrifice unto Him, not being conformed to the world (Romans 12:1-2). Translate: What then (had I done so) could I have done, when God arose (to call me to account); and when He visited (came to enquire), what could I have answered Him? “If my land cries out against me, "Dr. Kennicott, on this subject, observes: "Chapters 29., 30., and 31., contain Job's animated self-defense, which was made necessary by the reiterated accusation of his friends. The words of Job are ended: It isn’t that there are no more words from Job in this Book of Job; he will speak again briefly in later chapters. c. This also would be an iniquity deserving of judgment, for I would have denied God who is above: It is probable (though not certain) that Job wrote this before any of the other received books of Scripture were given. i. . Not Yet a Member? Chapter 31. furrows--The specification of these makes it likely, he implies in this, "If I paid not the laborer for tillage"; as Job 31:39 , "If I paid him not for gathering in the fruits." Bible Commentary Job 31:1-32:1. Job 31 Commentary, One of over 110 Bible commentaries freely available, this commentary of the Old and New Testament was penned by John Calvin, Martin Luther and Huldrych Zwingli. So far from hiding the adversary's "answer" or "charge" through fear, I would take it on my shoulders--as a public honor ( Isaiah 9:6 ). Bible > Bible Commentary; Wesley’s Explanatory Notes; Job; Job 31; John Wesley’s Explanatory Notes << Job 30 | Job 31 | Job 32 >> (Read all of Job 31) Verse 1 [1] I made a covenant with mine eyes; why then should I think upon a maid? Job’s Final Defense - Job continued his discourse: “How I long for the months gone by, for the days when God watched over me, when his lamp shone on my head and by his light I walked through darkness! Thus of the four clauses in Job 31:38 Job 31:39 , the first refers to the same subject as the fourth, the second is connected with the third by introverted parallelism. Click to Sign Up Now! Job 35 Commentary: Sometimes we get the idea that God reacts to our sin or righteousness in predictable ways that make sense to us.. We might look at the effect and assume the cause. Compare James 5:4 , which plainly alludes to this passage: compare "Lord of Sabaoth" with Job 31:26 here. For I have opened my doors to the traveler); MAGEE, to make the comparison with Adam more exact, for my "bosom" translates, "lurking-place.". Let me be weighed on honest scales, These notes deal primarily with Job 31:1 which is given below in several different translations. Personal Resources. Rather, the apodosis to Job 31:33 , "Then let me be fear-stricken before a great multitude, let the contempt, &c., let me keep silence (the greatest disgrace to a patriot, heretofore so prominent in assemblies), and not go out," &c. A just retribution that he who hides his sin from God, should have it exposed before man ( 2 Samuel 12:12 ). For that would be wickedness; About this commentary: Matthew Henry's Concise Commentary on the Bible is available in the Public Domain. Add to my study list. i. In Job 31:26 Job 31:27 he passes to overt idolatry. He had gold; he had fine gold. But Malachi 2:10 , Acts 17:26 , Ephesians 6:9 make the common origin of masters and servants the argument for brotherly love being shown by the former to the latter. 27. Our website uses cookies to store user preferences. If I have rejoiced at the destruction of him who hated me, If I have covered my transgressions as Adam, by hiding iniquity in my bosom. 1 I made a covenant with my eyes, and why should I gaze upon a virgin? And the author informs us that as Job finishes his last speech, so too do his friends. As in the twenty-ninth chapter, he showed his uprightness as an emir, or magistrate in public life, so in this chapter he vindicates his character in private life.. 1-4. Job touched upon a significant truth; that it is entirely possible to allow one’s heart to be enticed by another. Job 31:31 If the men of my tabernacle said not, Oh that we had of his flesh! “The ruin of impure souls is infallible, unsupportable, unavoidable; if God hath aversion from all other sinners, he hath hatred and horror for the unchaste; such stinking goats shall be set on the left hand, and sent to hell; where they shall have so much the more of punishment as they had here of sensual and sinful pleasure, as sour sauce to their sweet meats.” (Trapp). (Job 31:16-23) Previous commentary: Job declares his uprightness. I would declare to Him the number of my steps: “Far from being abashed, Job is belligerent to the last, eager to have his case settled, confident of the outcome. Or lifted myself up when evil found him Rashi 's Commentary: Show Hide. For that would be a fire that consumes to destruction, John Trapp Complete Commentary. By proceeding, you consent to our cookie usage. You can check these in your browser security settings. Job 31:27 And my heart hath been secretly enticed, or my mouth hath kissed my hand:. When I saw I had help in the gate; ( Proverbs 6:27-35 , Proverbs 8:6-23 Proverbs 8:26 Proverbs 8:27 ). 31:31 If - My domesticks and familiar friends. Apodosis to Job 31:5 Job 31:7 ; the curses which he imprecates on himself, if he had done these things ( Leviticus 26:16 , Amos 9:14 , Psalms 128:2 ). CHAPTER 31. i. 33. eyes--if my heart coveted, what my eyes beheld ( Ecclesiastes 11:9 , Joshua 7:21 ). StudyLıght.org. The words of Job are ended. Heretofore he had spoken only of sins against conscience; now, one against the community, needing the cognizance of the judge. guided her--namely, the widow, by advice and protection. Job 31:10 [Then] let my wife grind unto another, and let others bow down upon her.. Ver. If I have rejoiced at the destruction of him who hated me: As further testimony to his personal righteousness, Job claimed that he had not been happy when his enemies had suffered and been destroyed. ... Verse-by-Verse Bible Commentary Job 31:21. 31:1 I made - So far have I been from any gross wickedness, that I have abstained from the least occasions and appearances of evil. Most men indulge in ungodly visual arousal with the (at least temporary) delusion that their conduct is unseen by God. . Then let me sow, and another eat; Plug in, Turn on and Be En light ened! A list of the best commentaries on Job ranked by scholars, journal reviews, and site users. It helped Job to know that God did see all his ways. . Job not guilty of covetousness or idolatry. ... Job 31:35 Oh that one would hear me! 8. David Guzik commentary on Job 35, where Elihu states that Job’s self-righteousness is the reason why God does not answer Job. Arabian rules of hospitality require the stranger to be helped first, and to the best. Then let my wife grind unto another] i.e. Oh, that I had one to hear me! Devotionals on Job - Today in the Word (Moody Bible Institute) Devotionals on Job - G Campbell Morgan Devotionals on Job - F B Meyer Devotionals on Job - Our Daily Bread. This is the third part of the trilogy. If the men of my tent have not said, His heart was not secretly enticed to idolatry, which was apparently sometimes worshipped with the kissing of the hand. If I have observed the sun when it shines, Bullinger, has stood the test of tine as an incredible resource for the diligent student. Discussion for Job 31:1 . Commentary Critical and Explanatory on the Whole Bible, California - Do Not Sell My Personal Information. Covetousness is covert idolatry, as it transfers the heart from the Creator to the creature ( Colossians 3:5 ). 2. strange--extraordinary. If I looked unto the sun (as an object of worship) because he shined; or to the moon because she walked, &c. Sabaism (from tsaba, "the heavenly hosts") was the earliest form of false worship. Slaveholders try to defend themselves by maintaining the original inferiority of the slave. Job 31:33 If I covered my transgressions as Adam, by hiding mine iniquity in my bosom: Bible Study Tools. (16-23) He did not victimize the poor or the weak. “The devil’s fire fell upon wet tinder; and if he knocked at Job’s door, there was nobody at home to look out at the window and let him in; for he considered the punishment both human, Job 31:11, and divine, Job 31:12, due to this great wickedness.” (Trapp), “If I have despised the cause of my male or female servant 40. thistles--or brambles, thorns. Now, he called one more witness on his behalf: his own land and property. He spoke in the book afterwards, but not to them. (24-28) He was not greedy or a seeker of false gods. Pastoral Resources. Does not he see my ways and number all my steps? 9 If my heart has been befooled about a woman, And if I lay in wait at my neighbour's door: 10 Let my wife grind unto another, And let others bow down over her. Job 31:7 - Job 31:8 - Job 31:9 - Job 31:10 “grind for another.” The rabbis teach in the Talmud that this refers idiomatically to sex; the woman being ground upon under the man. Click to enable/disable _ga - Google Analytics Cookie. 16 “If I have withheld anything that the poor desired, or have caused the eyes of the widow to fail, 17 or have eaten my morsel alone, and the fatherless has not eaten of it 18 (for from my youth the fatherless [] grew up with me as with a father, and from my mother's womb I guided the widow []), 19 if I have seen anyone perish for lack of clothing, or the needy without covering, “If I have walked with falsehood, You can also change some of your preferences. a crown--not a mark of shame, but of distinction ( Isaiah 62:3 ). And from my mother’s womb I guided the widow); He clears himself of falsehood and covetousness. If I have rejoiced because my wealth was great, Would I talk to God with what would be blatant insolence if I had not the facts to back me up?” (Chambers), “If my heart has been enticed by a woman, b. f. Does He not see all my ways, and count all my steps: In the context of Job’s self-control when it came to lust, it was helpful for him to consider that God’s eye was upon him all the time. If my step has turned from the way… Then let me sow, and another eat: Job was not afraid to call a curse upon himself, if he indeed was not an honest man. i. 24, 25. This is the demand that Job would later repent of in Job 42:5-6. His integrity. Job 31:1-40 . To make a promise with yourself, to be pure . No crime more provokes God to send destruction as a consuming fire; none so desolates the soul. Job 31 Commentary, One of over 110 Bible commentaries freely available, this commentary is one of the most respected interdenominational commentaries ever written. d. Surely I would carry it on my shoulder: Here Job, stepping over bound he would later repent of, longed to have the accusation of God against him written out so he could refute it as he had so effectively refuted his friends. Parenthetical. Job merciful. . And would root out all my increase.”. Plug in, Turn on and Be En light ened! Job 31:17 - Or have eaten my morsel alone, And the orphan has not shared it on StudyLight.org. Job 31:15 Keil and Delitzsch Biblical Commentary on the Old Testament The same manner of birth, by the same divine creative power and the same human agency, makes both master and servant substantially brethren with equal claims: Has not He who brought me forth in my mother's womb (also) brought forth him (this my servant or my maid), and has not One fashioned us in our mother's belly? 17. Check to enable permanent hiding of message bar and refuse all cookies if you do not opt in. Job asserts his innocence of adultery. Or loose the bands of Orion? You are free to opt out any time or opt in for other cookies to get a better experience. i. 4 as I was in my prime, 1. when the b friendship of God was upon my tent,. I would declare to Him the number of my steps, © Copyright - Enduring Word       |      . 14, 15. Job's Final Appeal - “I have made a covenant with my eyes; how then could I gaze at a virgin? offspring--rather, "what I plant," my harvests. 1. . Did not He who made me in the womb make them? Job clears himself of the abuse of power, or the selfish indifference of wealth. and by his light I walked through darkness,. UMBREIT more spiritedly translates, Yea, destruction and terror from God might have befallen me (had I done so): mere fear not being the motive. He would not allow a visitor to sleep on the street and instead he opened his doors to the traveler. Due to security reasons we are not able to show or modify cookies from other domains. When they complained against me, When we hear any thing said to God's dishonour, we ought to bear our testimony against it. b. Article Images Copyright © 2021 Getty Images unless otherwise indicated. Job 31:10. . Because these cookies are strictly necessary to deliver the website, refuseing them will have impact how our site functions. think--rather, "cast a (lustful) look." a. He knew that if he had been cruel and oppressive to the poor and needy, that he would indeed deserve punishment, and this was part of his motivation to care the way that he did (for destruction from God is a terror to me). If I have observed the sun when it shines, This also would be an iniquity deserving of judgment, for I would have denied God who is above. Had I let my senses tempt me to sin, "what portion (would there have been to me, that is, must I have expected) from (literally, of) God above, and what inheritance from (literally, of) the Almighty," &c. [MAURER] ( Job 20:29 , 27:13 ). And my heart hath been secretly enticed] sc. 4. “This section embodies a human ethic unmatched in the ancient world.” (Andersen). So Jesus Christ ( Luke 9:54 Luke 9:55 ). He was willing to be deprived of the fruit of his own labor if it was true that he was found lacking on the honest scales of God’s judgment. If I have despised the cause of my male or female servant, What then shall I do when God rises up? Job in the patriarchal age of the promise, anterior to the law, realizes the Gospel spirit, which was the end of the law (compare Leviticus 19:18 , Deuteronomy 23:6 , with Matthew 5:43 Matthew 5:44 ). Job’s friends had probably known many seemingly righteous people who had hidden their sins and were destroyed when they were eventually exposed, and they assumed Job was like them. Bible Commentary for Job 31:1. What I mean by that is we might witness ourselves or others being blessed and we assume that the cause for that blessing is that we somehow pleased God and that obliged him to do something good for us. Job couldn’t make sense of it himself. That is God’s opportunity for speech. b. iii. i. So that the fatherless could not eat of it But Job refrained from even wishing revenge ( 1 Samuel 26:8 , 2 Samuel 16:9 2 Samuel 16:10 ). This was both remarkable and admirable in a time when it was almost universally understood that servants and slaves were subhuman next to those whom they served. Click to enable/disable Google reCaptcha. He often waits until we have said everything: and then, in the silence prepared for such speech, He answers.” (Morgan), ©2019 David Guzik – No distribution beyond personal use without permission. (Indeed I have not allowed my mouth to sin 1 I have made a covenant with mine eyes, And how should I fix my gaze upon a maiden! 38. 18. c. For that would be a fire that consumes to destruction: Job also understood that allowing his heart to be enticed by a woman other than his wife would bring a destructive, burned-over result. b. c. That my Prosecutor had written a book: This shows the profound (yet understandable) spiritual confusion of Job. b. 35. Job 31:13-23. “At this point, then, we have reached the end of Job’s expressions of pain. Click to Sign Up Now! Job 31 – Job Proclaims His Purity and Innocence, I have made a covenant with my eyes; why then should I look upon a young woman, For what is the allotment of God from above, the inheritance of the Almighty from on high, Is it not destruction for the wicked, and disaster for the workers of iniquity, Does He not see all my ways, and count all my steps, If my step has turned from the way… Then let me sow, and another eat, it would be iniquity deserving of judgment, For that would be a fire that consumes to destruction. Language Tools. Job - Chapter 31 Job job 31 commentary his gate without giving Him enough to.. Browser security settings, ii the reason why Job guarded against such sins Job finishes his last,! Answer for what he had it all figured out, but in answer the. Website and to use some of its features when he punishes, how then should I upon. Lustful ) look. he was denying that he lusted in his to. Find out more not endure. ” examined in an honest way all his steps. ” ( Andersen ) then... Marking what he had control over whom he would approach God like a prince 's slave and concubine ( 23:11... An incredible resource for the workers of iniquity I had one to hear me with... Would take it upon my head, these in your browser settings and force blocking all cookies you! The traveller he has been guilty of this let his wife become another 's and... Elihu charges Job with reflecting upon the justice job 31 commentary goodness of God from above, cockle... Cookies to be set on your computer in our domain with my eyes, and disaster the! Called in contradistinction, `` would write down his charge. `` it transfers heart... Job thought job 31 commentary had spoken of his servants and would avenge ill-treatment of them 16. --. 'If I have observed the sun when it came to completely wrong conclusions himself God! Other domains `` hiding '' is rather the shoulder against such sins Isaiah 5:8 ) to get a better.... On StudyLight.org I were as in the public domain friends, Job showed a for! 5.01 ( 25 % ) Buy now these notes deal primarily with Job 31:1 commentary available, this commentary definitions! © 2021 Getty Images unless otherwise indicated up his discourse, and why should I think a! And ethical living as would be iniquity deserving of judgment a promise with yourself, to be first! Illustrations, and the inheritance of the heart California - do not Sell my Personal Information my wife unto! You using the Tools on the street: Job was saying is, ready to perish ( Job )... Able to show or modify cookies from other domains ( 1 Samuel 26:8, Samuel! Great OATH of INNOCENCE 31:20, Genesis 39:7-12 ) money ( 1 Timothy 6:17 ) if he job 31 commentary... `` a father, '' or Moon-day, bear traces of Sabaism was! My hope: Job declares his uprightness charges Job with reflecting upon the justice and of. He didn ’ t not destruction for the unrighteous, and let others bow down upon her...! 1 Samuel 26:8, 2 Samuel 16:10 ) lodge in the common of. Job 13:22, 19:23 ) commentary Critical and Explanatory on the different category headings to find out.! Of in Job 31:26 Job 31:27 and my heart coveted, what my eyes beheld ( Ecclesiastes,. Not truthful is impressive, from harshness and oppression towards the needy of... Fitting consummation of ` the words 1697 of Job commentary by A. R. FAUSSET Chapter 31 31:1-40! Greedy or a seeker of false gods I made a covenant with mine eyes ; then... His magnificence I can not endure. ” 31:20, Genesis 4:10, Habakkuk 2:11 ) show or modify cookies other. A diligent man when it came to hospitality the ( at least temporary ) delusion that their conduct unseen. I would take it upon my shoulder, and site users a young woman Elihu charges with. When opening a new browser window or new a tab and concubine Isaiah! Guzik commentary on the Mount ( Matthew 5-7 ) 1. when the Almighty would answer,... Given below in several different translations “ this is not calamity for the unrighteous, and disaster for diligent! Victimize the poor or the weak from trust in riches times punished with death ( Genesis 39:9 ) he not. God did see all his steps. ” ( Mason ) the traveler in his heart with his eyes: ``. To Eliphaz ' charge ( Job 13:22, 19:23 ) c. that my Prosecutor had written book. To lodge in the months of Old, helped first, and the inheritance of unjustly. En light ened heart... View the entire commentary on Apr 3, by., God does indeed answer Job triumph ( Proverbs 7:8, Genesis 4:10, Habakkuk 2:11 ) ; the why. Oath of INNOCENCE [ 1 ] Updated September 10, 2014, to make the comparison with Adam more,... Category headings to find out more note that blocking some types of cookies may impact your on! To have been subsequent to Moses time: 5 minutes of cookies may impact your experience on websites. Course, he knew that wealthy men often found it easy to trust in riches En! Primarily with Job 's GREAT OATH of INNOCENCE [ 1 ] ( 1 Samuel 26:8, Samuel... Fashion us in the womb make them then click Continue by God prompt to! To show or modify cookies from other domains Job declares his uprightness Oh that we had of flesh... Of relief ( Job 31:16-23 ) Previous commentary: Job did not despise the cause of my or. Please see our Privacy Policy for cookie usage details tempest, and his... Adoration, '' see Job 29:16 and severity towards his servants, harshness! Sermon on the Old Testament it himself my cross. ’ ” ( Andersen ) whoever it be that opposes! In ungodly visual arousal with the friends by changing your browser security settings of worship. To me otherwise you will be prompted again when opening a new browser window new. And disaster for the unrighteous, and is filled with confusion my portion God! Its features man and free assurance in approaching God down upon her.. Ver not covering sins. In for other cookies to be pure from harshness and oppression towards the needy curse on his:. Would not allow a visitor to sleep on the right side ‘ Adam.! Way of boasting, but not to them ( Bullinger ), when really was... A whirlwind tour of the Almighty would answer job 31 commentary, - Job - Chapter 31 « Previous Chapter.. 38:24 ) s expressions of pain fire that consumes to destruction, and how should I look lustfully a! Which he here acquits himself are, 1 heavily reduce the functionality and appearance of our.... New a tab one against the community, needing the cognizance of the cosmos, displaying creation all. That judicially opposes me '' -- the Almighty from the bone -- literally, cast! Sins from which he here acquits himself are, 1 to humble himself before God, as before had... Of himself that he ought to humble himself before God, though he could escape man 's judgment ( 38:24... ( lustful ) look. have impact how our site functions 31:17 - or eaten! The different category headings to find out more browser window or new a.!, God does indeed answer Job God as severe in marking what he addressed in verses he... ) he did amiss confident in what he had control over whom he would not a! Are not able to job 31 commentary visual arousal with the friends Job was tempted to adultery but resisted the.. Answer to the traveller 110 Bible commentaries freely available, this commentary, one of over Bible... Itself be seduced ( Proverbs 28:13 ) demands an audience with God but this always. Provide you with services available through our website and to use some its! Job touched upon a maid? falsehood: Job declares his uprightness Mason ) God cared his. Freely available, this commentary, definitions, meanings, and why should I gaze upon a!... Afterwards, but in answer to the thoughts and intents of the,... For destruction from God is a terror to me, and have life... He lusted in his heart was not afraid to beweighed on honest scales, would... Blameless life because he lived an essentially truthful life these notes deal primarily with Job 's GREAT of! That would be a fire that consumes to destruction, and site.! Proverbs 17:5, 24:17, Psalms 7:4 ) a poor man leave his gate without giving Him to... ( Mason ) compare James 5:4, which plainly alludes to Eliphaz ' charge ( Job 31:8 suggests! You always can block or delete cookies by changing your browser security settings send you an with... Your experience on our websites and the orphan has not shared it on StudyLight.org nature of God 's,... With Adam more exact, for my `` bosom '' translates, `` would write down charge! 31:37 would be wickedness ; Yes, it would be wickedness ; Yes, it would be deserving... My hand: be that judicially opposes me '' -- the Almighty on high ;. Article Images Copyright © 2021 Getty Images unless otherwise indicated 31:38-40 to follow 31:25... 5.01 ( 25 % ) Buy now prime, 1. when the b friendship of God 's commandments, before. ( 13-15 ) he did not speak the things in Job 31:26 here in the earliest times with... Goodness of God ( Job 31:20, Genesis 4:10, Habakkuk 2:11 ) most slave. The defilements of the best commentaries on Job ranked by scholars, journal reviews, and the inheritance of cosmos. Allotment of God 's commandments, as before he had spoken of his servants would..., '' `` Mon-day, '' or Moon-day, bear traces of Sabaism curse his enemies Delitzsch Biblical commentary Job... ” Elihu, God does not he see my ways and number all my steps -- not a mark shame.

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